Most people getting cancers are affected by skin cancer more than any other type. The common cause being exposed to the ultraviolet rays and high exposure to the sun. In many people, skin cancers occur but it is difficult to detect because it takes the colour of the skin. And since most of the skin cancers, as some Skin Cancer Clinic, do not cause excessive itching to the body, it goes undetected.
Many people who have skin cancer but are not aware of it may never know until reaches an advanced level to cause serious irritation.
Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell carcinoma are relatively easy to treat. But the deadliest is the melanoma cancer. And many times, it is detected in the advanced stages. One, therefore, needs to take precaution to undergo regular checks and tests to detect its early signs.
Out of the three cancers, only melanoma is mole derived; the rest BCC and SCC are skin-derived cancers.
The symptoms in skin cancers are such that it could be easily be confused with common skin problems, but a close look will reveal otherwise.
So here are the signs and symptoms of skin cancer that you need to be cognizant of to prevent it from going to the next level.
- Lumps that are scaly and reddish
Squamous cell carcinoma has the symptom of being either brown or red patches whose texture is rough that appear as old scabs. Generally, any skin issue should subside in a matter of days. But if these symptoms do not go away, then it is time to go in for a thorough examination
- Patches that are Red in colour
The most common type of skin cancer is Basal Cell Carcinoma. It generally shows up as a red patch on your skin and will usually be small in size. Due to this, your skin may feel itchy and dry and may also peel. It generally hurts more than the peeling of a general dry skin.
Experts say that because of skin lesions, your immune system responds to it and as a result, you may find that your skin has become red or scaly or you’re suffering from inflammation. If the redness does not go away even after a few weeks, seek the counsel of an expert dermatologist.
- Sores that are open
Sores that are bloody and open and scrapped over may be a symptom of Basal Cell Carcinoma. Experts say that you may find the scrappiness of your skin akin to the experience of a very bad sunburn. Metastasizing or the basal cells spreading to the nearby parts of the body may also occur. But this is generally rare. It can be very dangerous if it such open sores develop near your mouth or your eyes.
- Crate-type formation
The formation of small crater-like patches over your body may look as if a volcano is about to emerge. This is a symptom that the person may have squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Just like basal cells, squamous cells are not particularly fatal, but they can lead to the surface of your skin to be permanently disfigured or even do permanent damage to the local part of that body.
Experts suggest that one should immediately see a doctor if such crater-like skin formations persist beyond a few weeks and months.
- Symptoms that do not affect your skin directly
Though skin cancers, as the name suggests is associated with the skin, many times dreaded skin cancers like melanoma are inside the skin and do not surface. Basal cell and Squamous cell cancers could be detected on the skin and hence are easy to treat. But melanoma may metastasize,i.e. It may affect the nearby lymph nodes and when it enters the bloodstream it may also affect the organs.
If for example, the melanoma, metastasises near your lungs, it may cause breathless or palpitations. If it metastasizes to your head, it may cause pain in your head or may even make your vision blurry.
Melanoma develops from a mole. And experts predict that we all have hidden potential for skin cancers. If it is detected early it is fine and the patient has high chances of being saved.
But if on the other hand, if melanoma is detected at later stages, then it is indeed a very grim situation. Most of the times, the patient could not be saved.
Doctors argue that people and regions where there is a high probability of contracting skin cancers, should mandatorily under skin cancer tests to ensure that they have healthy functioning skin.
People with fair skin are more prone to skin cancers compared to Asian and Africans. But in the case of the latter ethnic groups, it is only when the skin cancer has advanced to the higher stages, does it show some definitive symptoms. At such a time it is too late to save the patient with the available medicines.
However, in the most so distant future, we may be able to produce effective vaccinations and prognosis tools to easily identify early symptoms of skin cancer.
But until such a time, the only solution is to conduct regular skin examinations and avoid direct sun or ultraviolet rays.